Why do development projects, and AIDS projects in particular, take the forms they do? In this essay we argue that it is because the conflicting interests and world views of the key actors involved—donors, brokers, and villagers—leave only a narrow range of themes and practices that can “work” on the ground. By “work” we do not mean, in the AIDS case, that they help prevent HIV transmission; indeed, the non-medical approaches to HIV prevention are largely ineffectual. What needs to be explained is why such approaches are nonetheless repeated so consistently. We show that these themes and practices work in
Follow us @PLRI
An article by Alary M, Mukenge-Tshibaka L, Bernier F, Geraldo N, Lowndes CM, Meda H, Gnintoungbé CAB, Anagonou S and Joly JR in AIDS (2002), vol. 16 no. 3, pp. 463-470. An article by Grassly NC, Lowndes CM, Rhodes T, Judd A, Renton A and Garnett GP in the International Journal of Drug Policy (2003) Volume 14, Issue 1, pp. 25-43. An article by in Sexually Transmitted Infections (2009) 85 (1) 50-59 Article by Shahmanesh M, Wayal S, Copas A, Patel V, Mabey D and Cowan F in JAIDS, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (2009) – Volume 52 –
This news story, by Noy Thrupkaew in The Nation, explores approaches to combatting trafficking with particular reference to the work of the International Justice Mission. This document is published by the Global Campaign for Microbicides and is based on interviews conducted in Cambodia and by telephone from mid-2006 through 2008 with key players in the events surrounding the 2004 trial to determine whether tenofovir disoproxil fumarate was safe and effective for use as a pre-exposure chemoprophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission. Before the trial formally began, preparations for it were halted by the Cambodian government following protests led by the Women’s
A book by Catherine Campbell. A news story from the Toward Freedom website. An Information Bulletin, from WHO and the Global Coalition on Woman and AIDS, that explores the intersections between violence against sex workers and HIV prevention. UNAIDS policy on provider initiated routine HIV testing. We formed our partnership in 2008. The idea for the Paulo Longo Research Initiative (PLRI) arose among activists, policy advocates and academics who were frustrated by the quality of information on sex work available. Although there are many excellent books, essays and studies about sex work – including several by sex workers – a great deal of scholarship
This paper raises the question of how knowledge creation is organized in the area of HIV prevention and how this concatenation of expertise, resources, at-risk people and viruses shapes the knowledge used to impede the epidemic. It also seeks to trouble the discourses of biomedical pre-eminence in the field of HIV prevention by examining the claim for treatment as prevention, looking at evidence constructed through the biomedical frame and through the lens of the sociology of science.
An article by Cornish F & Campbell C in the American journal of community psychology, 44 (1-2). pp. 123-135. ISSN 0091-0562. Peer education is a community-based intervention being implemented worldwide as an approach to HIV prevention. However, its results are inconsistent, with little consensus on why some projects succeed while others fail.
2010 will be a year to remember for the field of HIV prevention. After decades of interventions with limited results (with the exception of circumcision and the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission), two clinical studies are raising the hope that the HIV epidemic can be tamed.
Control of sexually transmitted infections and prevention of HIV transmission: mending a fractured paradigm
In many countries, basic STI services are in disarray as programme resources are determined by decisions relating to a single disease entity. Such a fractured paradigm is as counterproductive for HIV as it is for other STIs. Major HIV epidemics emerged from and spread rapidly under conditions of poor STI control, and further weakening of STI control may well undermine other HIV prevention efforts. Yet experience of countries as diverse as Cambodia, Kenya, Senegal, Sri Lanka and Thailand demonstrate that wider STI control is feasible and that HIV prevention can be strengthened in doing so.
PLRI WEBSITE NEWS – 2014